Archive for the ‘Rusia pretutindeni’ category

Elimination of Russian armament from the Transnistrian region: who, what and until when?

octombrie 14, 2019

The sudden opening of Moscow, through the voice of the Russian minister of defense Sergei Shoigu, regarding the perspective of destroying the armament stored in the Transnistrian region, caused a shock in Chisinau. External partners were equally surprised by this proposal, previously discussed. Last time, the state of the Russian armament appeared on the Moldovan-Russian agenda about 16 years ago, before being blocked by the collapse of the “Kozak Plan” for the federalization of Moldova in 2003. Information about Russia’s intention to resume the destruction of the armament, released in public without a coordination on official channels generated a mixed reaction among the Moldovan authorities. The government’s curiosity for details and the demand for the involvement of international profile organizations (OSCE) contrasted with the positive and appreciating stance of the president Igor Dodon.

It is worth noting that the Russian side’s offer to destroy the armament in the separatist region was spontaneously disclosed, on August 24th, during the first visit of a Russian defense minister to Chisinau (, 24 august 2019). Choosing this moment to launch such an offer is not the result of improvisation, but it is a calculated use of the new political conjuncture. Thus, Igor Dodon’s speech on the so-called positive contribution of the Russian factor to the stability of Moldova is boosted. (mai mult…)

Ten predictions for Moldova in 2018: Electoral test for the European course, resurgence of the pro-Russian forces

ianuarie 1, 2018

The past year has perpetuated the people’s confusion about the direction the country should take. European partners also remain uncertain about the seriousness of the undertaken reforms. Society is still somewhat divided, although recent polls show a return to the positive situation of November 2013, when 47% of the people were in favor of joining the EU (IPN, December 18, 2017). President Igor Dodon’s pro-Eurasian measures ensured this option remained visible, but did little to boost its popularity. On the contrary, the people’s interest in the Eurasian Economic Union has decreased, even though the pro-European government has repeatedly failed to implement democratic reforms in a correct and definitive way.

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European values versus traditional values and geopolitical subtext in Moldova

iunie 29, 2017

The foundations of the European Union and, respectively, the European integration processes derive from a set of European values, such as democracy, human rights, human dignity and the rule of law. These are defined in the European treaties that govern internal order in the EU, its relationship with the EU member states and its people. With the maturation of the European project, especially after the signing of the Treaty of Lisboan (December 2009), the European values started to be consolidated through the EU’s dialogue with the external world. The EU’s enlargement of 2004-2007 considerably extended the geography of the European values. The launch of the Eastern Partnership (2009) led to the stimulation of the EU’s relations with Eastern Europe, contributing to the more articulated promotion of the European values in the region. The signatories of the EU – Moldova Association Agreement, Ukraine and Georgia, went further by accepting the European values as benchmarks for the strategic development objectives. (mai mult…)

Role of President Dodon for Russia and implications for European integration

iunie 22, 2017

The Moldovan-Russian relations, as Moldova’s foreign policy, develop continuously in a bi-directional context. On the one hand, the Government and Parliament led by the Democratic Party confirm the commitment to the European agenda. On the other hand, President Igor Dodon and the Party of Socialists insist on the integration into the Eurasian Economic Union and, respectively, the abandonment of the Association Agreement with the EU. At the same time, in statements both of the political forces – the Democrats and the Socialists – highlight that Moldova needs good relations both with the West and with the East and plead for “flexible geopolitics”.

In reality, the relationships with the EU and Russia are antagonized by the government and the Socialist opposition. Thus, the Democrats recently resorted to the expulsion of five Russian diplomats for vaguely formulated reasons. Apparently, the decision to expel the Russian diplomats was determined by the behavior of the diplomats, their proximity to the Transnistrian administration or espionage practices. The penalization of Russian diplomats forms part of a long succession of gestures in relation to Russia, namely banning of access of Russian journalists and experts, who were considered agents of the Russian information war, recommendation for Moldovan officials not to travel to Russia or alleged Russian traces in the controversial murder attempt on Vladimir Plahotniuc’s life. Given his limited powers, President Dodon so far managed to only make accusations against the West (U.S. and EU) for the reason that this would have encouraged the pro-European government to expel Russian diplomats.
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Can Memorandum with Eurasian Union diminish Moldova’s European agenda?

mai 1, 2017

Shortly after his first 100 days in office, President Igor Dodon signed a Memorandum of cooperation with the Eurasian Economic Union. Symbolically or not, but the executive office of President Dodon chose to sign the document in Chisinau, in the presence of the Chairman of the Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission Tigran Sargsyan (, April 2017). The five-page Memorandum was published on the organization’s official website on April 4 already, one day after its signing in Chisinau.

The content of the Memorandum hasn’t been consulted with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, while Prime Minister Pavel Filip described it as “inopportune” and as a document that cannot bring “palpable economic and political advantages to the country”. As the representative of the government coordinated by the Democratic Party and its leader Vladimir Plahotniuc, Premier Filip expressed criticism during his visit to Brussels, which was dedicated to the third EU-Moldova Association Council meeting (Euroactiv, March 2017). Besides the Memorandum of cooperation, the Moldovan Premier also condemned President Dodon’s request to grant Moldova the observer status in the Eurasian Union. Contrary to the opinions shared by the government, President Dodon considers the Memorandum does not run counter to the Association Agreement with the EU. (mai mult…)

Moldova forced to combine CIS and Eurasian Union with European integration

aprilie 17, 2017

Moldova’s foreign policy oscillates without pauses following President Igor Dodon’s initiatives aimed at pushing the country to the East. The geopolitical schism becomes a more conspicuous daily reality whose consequences are powerfully underestimated. The geopolitical ramifications generated by President Dodon and the Socialist opposition are exploited by the government coordinated by Democratic leader Vladimir Plahotniuc. Recent polls show yet that the geopolitical cleavages no longer offer the public support needed by the Democrats and Liberals to pass the election threshold of 6% in the 2018 legislative elections.

The President’s Eurasian inclinations (IPN, March 2017) do not affect the government’s dialogue with the European Union. The intense negotiation of the new association agenda for 2017-2019 (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, March 2017), which redefines the objectives for the implementation of the provisions of the Association Agreement with the European Union, is a clear indication. This shows that the relations with Brussels depend, first of all, on the quality of reforms implemented by the government, not on the geopolitical rhetoric of President Dodon. However, the President’s attempts to bifurcate the country’s foreign policy imply considerable risks to the country’s development in the medium and long terms. Among these is the discouragement of reforms and public servants involved in their implementation, disorientation of the potential investors and the more accentuated polarization of society according to geopolitical principles. (mai mult…)

European security and Russia’s approach for a post-Western world

martie 22, 2017

The new Munich Security Conference (February 17-19, 2017) took stock of the trends related to regional and international security. The unexpectedly positive position of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini ran counter to the critical and rather hostile position of Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov.

The European official underlined the importance of multilateral relations that work in the case of the EU, while Lavrov complained about the fact that the West does not want to give up its unipolar agenda. Both of the sides had yet common positions on the necessity of respecting international law, even if Russia violated a series of treaties and principles of international law with respect to Ukraine during the last three years.
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Parallel dialogues between EU and Moldova and Russian-Eurasian factor

martie 11, 2017

The division into two of the official dialogue between the European Union and Moldova became inevitable with the gradual materialization of the Euro-skeptical and pro-Russian electoral rhetoric  of the new President Igor Dodon into concrete actions.

Everything started with the first official visit by President Igor Dodon to Moscow (January 16-17, 2017), by which this openly ignored the EU, which plays a key role in the attempts to reform the country. (mai mult…)

Unde e problema: în Acordul de Asociere cu UE sau în Rusia?

februarie 26, 2017

This article was published by on 7th February 2017.  It brings up the arguments that dismantle the myths used by president Igor Dodon to discredit the Association Agreement and implicitly the EU. The article is available only in Romanian.

Retorica superficială a președintelui Igor Dodon este dedicată publicului larg, care nu are timp să intre în detaliile lucrurilor și nici să verifice autenticitatea mesajelor. Pentru că, deocamdată, nu poartă vreo răspundere politică pentru retorica folosită, Dodon se simte încurajat să opereze neîncetat cu informație eronată, în funcție de obiectivele politice urmărite. (mai mult…)

Moldova Faces Growing Geopolitical Antagonism

ianuarie 26, 2017

Moldova has entered an uncertain political period due to the election of Igor Dodon, a pro-Russian political leader and head of the Socialist Party, as president in November 2016. For the first time in the country’s history, the offices of the president and prime minister belong to politicians with conflicting geopolitical stances. While the pro-EU political forces, led by the Democratic Party, control parliament, the representative of the pro-Russian parliamentary opposition won the presidency.

According to the latest polls, public support for the Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union has surpassed support for the EU – 58% versus 49%. Even if the EU is more familiar to the Moldovan public, they express more interest in the largely unknown Eurasian geopolitical project. (mai mult…)

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