Moldova forced to combine CIS and Eurasian Union with European integration

Publicate Aprilie 17, 2017 de dioniscenusa
Categorii: CSI sau Comunitatea Statelor In/dependente de Rusia, Rusia pretutindeni, UE şi RM

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Moldova’s foreign policy oscillates without pauses following President Igor Dodon’s initiatives aimed at pushing the country to the East. The geopolitical schism becomes a more conspicuous daily reality whose consequences are powerfully underestimated. The geopolitical ramifications generated by President Dodon and the Socialist opposition are exploited by the government coordinated by Democratic leader Vladimir Plahotniuc. Recent polls show yet that the geopolitical cleavages no longer offer the public support needed by the Democrats and Liberals to pass the election threshold of 6% in the 2018 legislative elections.

The President’s Eurasian inclinations (IPN, March 2017) do not affect the government’s dialogue with the European Union. The intense negotiation of the new association agenda for 2017-2019 (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, March 2017), which redefines the objectives for the implementation of the provisions of the Association Agreement with the European Union, is a clear indication. This shows that the relations with Brussels depend, first of all, on the quality of reforms implemented by the government, not on the geopolitical rhetoric of President Dodon. However, the President’s attempts to bifurcate the country’s foreign policy imply considerable risks to the country’s development in the medium and long terms. Among these is the discouragement of reforms and public servants involved in their implementation, disorientation of the potential investors and the more accentuated polarization of society according to geopolitical principles. Read the rest of this post »

Pro-reform approach of EU and pro-Russian plans of President Dodon

Publicate Aprilie 13, 2017 de dioniscenusa
Categorii: UE şi RM

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The reforms done by the government led by the Democrat Party and, respectively, oligarchic politician Vladimir Plahotniuc, including the incomplete or insufficiently credible ones, cannot be ignored by the Europeans. Many of these reforms were implemented with European assistance, both with EU funds and with national funds of different EU member states. That’s why the appraisals of the done reforms that were subject to impartial assessment can be different from the real attitude to the government.

Consequently, the association implementation report is rather an objective, balanced and concise document (only 13 pages), in which the European Commission and the EU diplomatic service (European External Action Service) sum up the results after almost two years of the start of the implementation of the Association Agenda, stating the political, institutional and sector deficiencies  existing in Moldova. Evidently, some consider the document is insufficiently incisive, but the goal of the report is to assess not the government, but the way in which the reforms assumed by this are implemented. Consequently, the report could have looked more critical only if the assessment criteria agreed in 2014 had been stricter. But these were set by the EU together with the previous authorities that, besides the Democratic Party, included also other parties (PLDM, PL). A more critical report can be produced in the future if the objectives included in the future Association Agenda allow for this. These objectives are yet agreed in a bilateral format. That’s why they cannot be imposed unilaterally by the EU. Read the rest of this post »

Multi-speed EU and its neighborhood: Where is Moldova?

Publicate Aprilie 5, 2017 de dioniscenusa
Categorii: UE şi RM

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The European Union is at a crossroads that entails the adoption of historical decisions related to the existence of the European project. The UK’s exit from the EU became imminent even if it may imply costs both for those from the EU and those from the proximity. The attempts by the anti-European populist forces and by Russia to make use of any symptom revealing the disintegration of the EU and to multiply these are also imminent. That’s why the celebration of 60 year of the signing of the Rome Treaty (of March 25, 1957) represents the best opportunity for pragmatically pondering over the EU’s future.

Thus, the current European leaders are to decide if they want more Europe, less Europe or a Europe with more speeds. Evidently, none of these options cannot and should not be imposed and forced. Anyway, each of these implies costly or even fatal political decisions and sacrifices. The current European political configuration reveals fundamental Read the rest of this post »

Pro-European sympathies and role of pro-EU opposition

Publicate Martie 30, 2017 de dioniscenusa
Categorii: UE şi RM

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The presidential elections of 2016 resulted in the victory of the pro-Russian candidate Igor Dodon and in the substantial political advancing of Maia Sandu, who is associated with the supporters of the European integration. So, this managed to attract a large part of votes, being only 68,000 votes away from the victory. Since then, Maia Sandu has tried to remain politically active, especially by postings on social networking sites. As a result, her visibility and the visibility of her party (“Action and Solidarity” (PAS) after the elections remained concentrated on the online environment rather than on field work. A similar behavior can be seen at another party considered pro-European – the Political Party “Platform Dignity and Truth” and its leader Andrei Nastase, who preferred to only appear on the media outlets close to the party (JurnalTV trust).

At the beginning of March, both Maia Sandu and Andrei Nastase started to show signs of political reinvigoration, in particular by their common pro-sovereignty and pro-territorial integrity approach in connection with the commemoration of the victims of the 1992 Nistru war (PAS, March 3). Meanwhile, Igor Dodon managed to become one of the most popular political leaders, considerably outstripping Maia Sandu, when last November they both had real chances of winning the presidential elections. Read the rest of this post »

Presidential administration vs government: between political coexistence and geopolitical antagonism

Publicate Martie 26, 2017 de dioniscenusa
Categorii: UE şi RM

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Even the most insincere dialogue is better and necessary than the definitive absence of dialogue. At least this was the principle that guided President Igor Dodon, Prime Minister Pavel Filip and Head of Parliament Andrian Candu, when they came together for a discussion in trilateral format (February 21, 2017). The substance and result of the meeting showed that the sides didn’t pursue the goal of coming to terms. They just wanted to state the divergences existing at institutional level. Consequently, the meeting of the three served as another stage for exhibiting the antagonism between the pro-Russian presidential administration and the government associated with the European integration.

In the meeting, each side laid emphasis on the opposition between the viewpoints that define their political essence. So, the attention of President Dodon remains anchored in the plan for coming closer to the Eurasian Union and in the powerful opposition to the pension reform, subsidization of agriculture and conversion of the money stolen from the banking system into a public debt. On the other hand, Premier Filip and Speaker Candu presented the government’s position, focusing on the protection of their standpoints and combating of the criticism leveled by Igor Dodon. There were yet made no personalized accusations and no remark about the coordinator of the government coalition Vladimir Plahotniuc. Read the rest of this post »

European security and Russia’s approach for a post-Western world

Publicate Martie 22, 2017 de dioniscenusa
Categorii: Relatiile UE-Rusia, Rusia pretutindeni

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The new Munich Security Conference (February 17-19, 2017) took stock of the trends related to regional and international security. The unexpectedly positive position of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini ran counter to the critical and rather hostile position of Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov.

The European official underlined the importance of multilateral relations that work in the case of the EU, while Lavrov complained about the fact that the West does not want to give up its unipolar agenda. Both of the sides had yet common positions on the necessity of respecting international law, even if Russia violated a series of treaties and principles of international law with respect to Ukraine during the last three years.
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Populism and European integration in Moldova

Publicate Martie 15, 2017 de dioniscenusa
Categorii: UE şi RM

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The incapacity, on the one hand, and the disinterest, on the other hand, shown by the political class of Moldova in solving the real problems of the country varied during 2009-2016. Populism every time served yet as a “lifebuoy” for crisis situations in which the corrupt, ostensibly pro-European governments found themselves.

What characterizes the Moldovan populism, similar to the populism in Europe, Russia or other regions, is the accusing of the foreign players of the failures and non-accomplishments at home. The interest in the disfavored social categories represents a complementary feature typical of populism. The care for the whole society is replaced by a struggle for the cause of vulnerable groups. This no way refers yet to the minorities used by populists rather as “scapegoats”.

Now that the presidency was taken over by Socialist Igor Dodon, the populism of the pro-European forces is complemented by that of the pro-Russian opposition. The latter one is more sophisticated and, in parts, more harmful than the populism of the pro-European forces. Read the rest of this post »

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