Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ category

How did Moldova become a ”captured state”?

Iunie 9, 2017

Closer to the end of 2014, the expression “state capture” became a kind of country brand for Moldova. The extra-parliamentary opposition regularly used this phrase to describe the defective governance and infiltration of obscure interests into the government. The foreign development partners, with very small exceptions, used more veiled formulas when they spoke about “state capture” in Moldova so as to avoid a direct confrontation with the Moldovan authorities, which would have led to the imminent short-circuiting of the dialogue. Consequently, these used the “powerful politicization of institutions” as an equivalent.

The idea of state capture was assimilated by the public opinion much easier amid the crisis in the banking system unveiled at the end 2014. This way the phrase became a very popular jargon in national journalism. Other criminal activities committed in the period of the so-called pro-European governments (2009-2016), alongside the thefts in the banking system, also started to be associated with the phenomenon of “state capture”.

Habitually, state capture in Moldova is attributed to the leader of the Democratic Party (PDM), controversial businessman Vladimir Plahotniuc. Accusing him of complicity in state capture, the opponents call him “puppeteer”. Namely for this reason, the protests mounted by the pro-European and pro-Russian opposition (RFI, October 2015) in 2015-2016 featured primarily Vladimir Plahotniuc. Ex-Premier Vlad Filat referred to the implications of the “puppeteer” in his last speech in Parliament, before his arrest in October 2015. (mai mult…)

Association Agreement with EU and paradoxes of President Dodon

Martie 4, 2017

The results of President Igor Dodon’s visit to Brussels (February 6-7, 2017) are rather modest in terms of statements and reactions with substance on the part of European officials. The Europeans showed themselves to be rather reserved in relation to the President of Moldova Igor Dodon. Not even after several days of the visit did the European institutions – European Council, European Commission, European External Action Service or the European Parliament – publish press releases dedicated to Igor Dodon on their websites.

Lacking emotional content, the meetings of Igor Dodon with European officials showed the latter’s real attitude to the President of Moldova. On the one hand, the Europeans are aware of the real weight of Igor Dodon in the decision-making process in Chisinau, where he has limited powers. On the other hand, the EU gave Igor Dodon a reciprocity-based welcome as it is practically impossible for Brussels to welcome him warmly after he made hostile statements about the EU in his meeting with the Russian President Vladimir Putin in January 2017. In general, Brussels is used to being criticized, but rejects the criticism that goes against the reality, especially the one that derives from the anti-European Russian propaganda.
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Unde e problema: în Acordul de Asociere cu UE sau în Rusia?

Februarie 26, 2017

This article was published by Sic.md on 7th February 2017.  It brings up the arguments that dismantle the myths used by president Igor Dodon to discredit the Association Agreement and implicitly the EU. The article is available only in Romanian.

Retorica superficială a președintelui Igor Dodon este dedicată publicului larg, care nu are timp să intre în detaliile lucrurilor și nici să verifice autenticitatea mesajelor. Pentru că, deocamdată, nu poartă vreo răspundere politică pentru retorica folosită, Dodon se simte încurajat să opereze neîncetat cu informație eronată, în funcție de obiectivele politice urmărite. (mai mult…)

Debutul lui Igor Dodon în demonizarea societății civile din Moldova și a SUA

Decembrie 18, 2016

Într-un interviu pentru principalul canal de propagandă rusească Russia Today, președintele pro-rus Igor Dodon cheamă Rusia să-și amplifice puterea moale („soft power”) în Moldova:

 – Prin oferirea de burse de studii pentru tinerii din Moldova, și

– Prin finanțarea sectorului non-guvernamental moldovenesc.

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Gânduri post-electorale pe scurt

Noiembrie 14, 2016

Alegerile s-au terminat, dar consecințele acestora ne vor urmări în viitorii ani. Principalele concluzii pe care aș vrea să le subliniez sunt:

  • Igor Dodon a câștigat alegerile, Maia Sandu a câștigat însă legitimitatea publică
  • Agenda patriarhală, bazată pe fobii și stereotipuri rămâne a fi o puternică pârghie în politica moldovenească.
  • Potențialul diasporei este în creștere și în anii care vin politicienii moldoveni, care reprezintă sistemul vechi, vor căuta modalități pentru a se imuniza de riscurile care vin din partea unei diaspore hiperactive.
  • Vectorul proeuropean a trecut și trece printr-un test de maturitate și sustenabilitate. Iar alegerile demonstrează că populația proeuropeană este încă vizibilă.
  • Vectorul euroasiatic este emergent și forțele pro-ruse intră într-o fază activă de acțiunea care va fi și mai vizibilă în perioada 2016-2017.

Moldovan presidential elections: Lessons to learn, tasks to do for the 2nd round

Octombrie 31, 2016

Outcomes of the first round of the presidential elections surprised both local political experts and the external observers. But the second round, which was obvious because of many signals, brings even more uncertainties.

The elections proved few very interesting things:

  • Polls can be both suggestive (score for Igor Dodon) and wrong (score for Maia Sandu);
  • Voters are not easy going and the candidates should fight for each vote (about 50% participation in comparison with 57% at the parliamentarian elections of Nov. 2014 and 63% at those in Nov. 2010.
  • Mass-media can influence the results. The fact that Democrats’ candidate abandoned the competition in favor of Maia Sandu triggered the context for the second round. Or,  the media controlled by Democrats changed radically the rhetoric about Sandu, and some of their voters favored Maia Sandu, increasing her final scores (38%).
  • Diaspora can play a decisive role, but it remains weaker than its real human capacities. The majority of the Moldovans who are abroad voted for Maia Sandu and less for Igor Dodon (72% against 13%). However, the number of Moldovans who outside the country is very small – about 40.000 persons, when only in Italy there are around 150.000 Moldovans.
  • The central rayons of the country are more pro-Maia Sandu than the south and north, where Dodon gained a bigger share of voters (Look here the map).

 

Candidates, results and geopolitical orientation

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Asistenţa UE pentru Moldova: realităţile locale vs. deficienţele operaţionale ale UE

Septembrie 18, 2016

La începutul lunii septembrie 2016, Curtea de Conturi a Uniunii Europene, care mai este numită şi gardianul finanţelor europene, a emis un raport special privind sprijinul financiar acordat de UE pentru consolidarea administraţiei publice a Moldovei. Concluzia generală a Curţii este că asistenţa UE a contribuit „doar parţial” la fortificarea administraţiei publice moldoveneşti.

Raportul Curţii se referă la sprijinul bugetar sectorial oferit de UE pentru justiţie, finanţe publice, sănătate şi apă, care sunt domeniile unde a fost direcţionată cea mai considerabilă parte a asistenţei europene. Concluziile Curţii nu se referă nicidecum la toată asistenţa UE, însă unele probleme identificate pot fi considerate structurale – voinţă politică insuficientă sau reacţionarea lentă a UE la riscurile ce implică asistenţa europeană.
(mai mult…)


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